Today’s post is regarding a DOL WHD Final Rule released, 1/12/2-020, that is the first major update to FLSA Joint Employer regulations in 60 years. *Note that this final rule only provides clarification on FLSA joint employer status, it does not cover other federal employment laws. Effective March 16, 2020, joint employer status under the FLSA, where another person benefits from an employee’s work, will be determined by a four-factor balancing test.
The following is a word for word reading of the Final Rule notice from the DOL WHD, as well as some text form the actual 164 page Final Rule document.
Today, the U.S. Department of Labor (Department) announced a final rule to update the regulations interpreting joint employer status under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). They have not been meaningfully updated in over 60 years. The FLSA requires covered employers to pay their employees at least the federal minimum wage for every hour worked and overtime for every hour worked over 40 in a workweek. Under the FLSA, an employee may have, in addition to his or her employer, one or more joint employers—additional individuals or entities who are jointly and severally liable with the employer for the employee’s wages.
In the final rule, the Department provides a four-factor balancing test for determining FLSA joint employer status in situations where an employee performs work for one employer that simultaneously benefits another person. The balancing test examines whether the potential joint employer:
- hires or fires the employee;
- supervises and controls the employee’s work schedule or conditions of employment to a substantial degree;
- determines the employee’s rate and method of payment; and
- maintains the employee’s employment records.
The final rule also clarifies when additional factors may be relevant to a determination of FLSA joint employer status, and identifies certain business models, contractual agreements with the employer, and business practices that do not make joint employer status more or less likely.
These revisions will add certainty regarding what business practices may result in joint employer status. This rule promotes greater uniformity among court decisions by providing a clearer interpretation of FLSA joint employer status. These benefits will in turn improve employers’ ability to remain in compliance with the FLSA and will reduce litigation costs.
This final rule does not address “joint employer” status under other federal employment laws, such as the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act, or Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.
The effective date of the final rule is March 16, 2020.
- Final Rule: Joint Employer Status under the Fair Labor Standards Act
- Fact Sheet: Final Rule on Joint Employer Status under the Fair Labor Standards Act
- Joint Employer Final Rule Frequently Asked Questions
- Press Release [01/12/2020]: Department of Labor Issues Final Rule to Update the FLSA’s Joint Employer Regulations